Wednesday, 30 November 2011

Consonant combinations

LettersSoundsExamples
cc[ks]
[k]
accent, accept, access, eccentric, accident;
accommodate, account, accuse, occur, acclaim
ch
tch
[ch]chain, check, chief, choose, teacher, much, church;
kitchen, catch, match, watch, pitch, stretch
ch (Latin, Greek)
ch (French)
[k]
[sh]
character, chemical, Chris, archive, mechanic, technical, ache;
champagne, charlatan, chef, chic, machine, cache
ck[k]black, pack, deck, kick, pick, cracker, pocket, rocket
dge[j]bridge, edge, judge, knowledge, budget, badger
gh[g]
[f]
[-]
ghost, ghastly, Ghana, ghetto;
cough, enough, rough, tough, laugh;
though, through, weigh, neighbor, bought, daughter
gu[g]
[gw]
guard, guess, guest, guide, guitar, dialogue;
language, linguistics, Guatemala, Nicaragua
ng[ŋ]
[ŋ]+[g]
king, sing, singer, singing, bang, long, wrong, tongue;
finger, anger, angry, longer, longest, single
ph[f]phone, photograph, phrase, phenomenon, biography
qu[kw]
[k]
quality, question, quite, quote, equal, require;
unique, technique, antique, grotesque
sc[s]
[sk]
science, scissors, scene, scent, scythe;
scan, scandal, scare, score, Scotch, scuba
sch[sk]
[sh]
school, scholar, scheme, schedule;
schnauzer, schedule
sh[sh]share, she, shine, shoe, fish, cash, push, punish
th[θ]
[ð]
thank, thick, think, thought, thunder, author, breath, bath;
this, that, then, though, father, brother, breathe, bathe
wh[w]
[h]
what, when, where, which, while, why, whale, wheel, white;
who, whom, whose, whole
xh[ks]
[ks]+[h]
[g]+[z]
exhibition;
exhumation, exhume, exhale;
exhaust, exhibit, exhilarate, exhort, exhume, exhale
With silent lettersSoundsExamples
bt, pt[t]doubt, debt, subtle; receipt, pterodactyl
kn, gn, pn[n]knee, knife, know; gnome, sign, foreign; pneumonia, pneumatic
mb, lm[m]lamb, climb, bomb, comb, tomb; calm, palm, salmon
ps[s]psalm, pseudonym, psychologist, psychiatrist
rh[r]rhapsody, rhetoric, rheumatism, rhythm, rhyme
wr[r]wrap, wreck, wrestle, wrinkle, wrist, write, wrong
Letters in the suffixSoundsExamples
ti, ci, si, su[sh]nation, patient, special, vicious, pension, Asia, sensual, pressure
si, su[zh]vision, fusion, Asia, usual, visual, measure, pleasure

The -ed ending of verbs

[t][d][id]
stopped [stopt], liked [laikt], coughed [ko:ft], crossed [cro:st], released [ri'li:st], reached [ri:cht], washed [wosht]robbed [robd], saved [seivd], seized [si:zd], called [ko:ld], planned, occurred, bathed [beiðd], managed, played, tried, studiedwanted ['wontid], hated ['heitid], counted ['kauntid], started, needed [ni:did], loaded ['loudid], folded, added

The -s/es ending of nouns and verbs

[s][z][iz]
tapes [teips], streets [stri:ts], parks [pa:rks], chiefs [chi:fs], myths [miθs]ribs [ribz], kids [kidz], legs [legz], leaves [li:vz], clothes [klouðz], girls, games, cars, boys, pies [paiz], cows [kauz], cities ['sitiz]pieces ['pi:siz], roses ['rouziz], prizes ['praiziz], boxes ['boksiz], coaches ['kouchiz], bridges ['brijiz], dishes ['dishiz]
(he) grips [grips], writes [raits], takes [teiks], sniffs [snifs](he) robs [robz], reads [ri:dz], digs [digz], saves [seivz], falls, plans, swims, offers, plays, cries, goes [gouz], copies ['kopiz](he) kisses ['kisiz], loses ['lu:ziz], relaxes, catches, judges, manages, flashes, washes, rouges
Pip's [pips], Kate's [keits], Mike's [maiks], Jeff's [jefs], Seth's [seθs]Abe's [eibz], Fred's [fredz], Meg's [megz], Olive's ['olivz], Ben's [benz], Molly's ['moliz], Anna'sChris's ['krisiz], Tess's ['tesiz], Rose's ['rouziz], Liz's ['liziz], Rex's ['reksiz], George's ['jo:rjiz]

Consonant letters and their sounds

LettersSoundsExamples
b[b]baby, best, buy, bring, blind, absent, about, number, labor, robber, tub
c[s]
[k]
center, cellar, cigarette, cinema, agency, notice;
cake, come, cucumber, clean, cry, scratch, act, panic
d[d]day, dear, die, door, duty, admire, hidden, lady, kind, ride, ended
f[f]fast, female, five, forest, fund, fry, flight, often, deaf, cuff
g[g]
[j]
[zh]
game, gap, get, go, gun, great, global, giggle, ago, begin, dog, egg;
general, gin, giant, agent, suggest, Egypt, energy, huge, manage;
mirage, garage, beige, rouge
h[h]
[-]
hair, help, history, home, hotel, hunt, behind, inherit;
hour, honor, honest, heir, vehicle, Sarah
j[j]jam, Jane, jet, jelly, Jim, jingle, joke, John, June, just
k[k]Kate, kind, kill, kilogram, sky, blanket, break, take, look
l[l]late, let, live, alone, close, slim, please, old, nicely, table, file, all
m[m]make, men, mind, mother, must, my, common, summer, name, form, team
n[n]napkin, never, night, no, nuclear, funny, student, kindness, ton, sun
p[p]paper, person, pick, pour, public, repair, apple, keep, top, crisp
q (qu)[kw]
[k]
quality, question, quite, quote, equal, require;
unique, technique, antique, grotesque
r[r]rain, red, rise, brief, grow, scream, truck, arrive, hurry, turn, more, car
s[s]
[z]
send, simple, song, system, street, lost, kiss, release;
cause, present, reason, realism, advise, always, is, was
t[t]task, tell, time, tone, tune, hotel, attentive, student, boat, rest
v[v]vast, vein, vivid, voice, even, review, invest, give, move, active
w[w]wall, war, way, west, wind, word, would, swear, swim, twenty, twist
x[ks]
[gz]
[z]
exercise, exchange, expect, ex-wife, axis, fix, relax;
exam, exact, executive, exert, exist, exit, exult;
Xenon, Xerox, xenophobia, xylophone
z[z]
[ts]
zero, zoo, horizon, puzzle, crazy, organize, quiz, jazz;
pizza, Mozart, Nazi, waltz

Tuesday, 22 November 2011

Tongue Twisters

Black bug bit a big black bear. But where is the big black bear that the big black bug bit?


A big bug bit the little beetle but the little beetle bit the big bug back.


If you understand, say "understand".
If you don't understand, say "don't understand".
But if you understand and say "don't understand".
How do I understand that you understand? Understand!



I thought, I thought of thinking of thanking you.


RED BULB BLUE BULB RED BULB BLUE BULB  



I wish to wish the wish you wish to wish, but if you wish the wish the witch wishes, I won't wish the wish you wish to wish.


if a sledering snail went down a slippery slide would a snail sleder or slide down the slide



bubble bobble, bubble bobble, bubble bobble


 These thousand tricky tongue twisters trip thrillingly off the tongue .

Sounding by sound is a sound method of sounding sounds.


Kacha papaya pacca papaya Kacha papaya pacca papaya Kacha papaya pacca papaya.



etty bought butter but the butter was bitter, so Betty bought better butter to make the bitter butter better.


A sailor went to sea To see, what he could see. And all he could see Was sea, sea, sea. 


A box of mixed biscuits, a mixed biscuit box.


Purple Paper People, Purple Paper People, Purple Paper People



If two witches were watching two watches, which witch would watch which watch? ...sent by Richard Walsh.


SIXTH SICK SHEIK'S SIXTH SICK SHEEP 


Which watch did which witch wear and which witch wore which watch? ..sent by Uncle Philly



I thought a thought.
But the thought I thought wasn't the thought I thought I thought.
If the thought I thought I thought had been the thought I thought, I wouldn't have thought so much.



Once a fellow met a fellow In a field of beans. Said a fellow to a fellow, "If a fellow asks a fellow, Can a fellow tell a fellow What a fellow means?

Tongue Twisters

A good cook could cook as much cookies as a good cook who could cook cookies


I saw a saw that could out saw any other saw I ever saw.


Betty Botter bought some butter, but she said "this butter's bitter! But a bit
of better butter will but make my butter better" So she bought some better
butter, better than the bitter butter, and it made her butter better so 'twas
better Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter!      

Wednesday, 16 November 2011

Sound of animals

Classroom Language(17)

As they are leaving
“See you next week/ tomorrow/ on Wednesday/ next term/ after the holiday/ later/ this afternoon”
“Enjoy your break”
“Merry Christmas”
“Have a good time in…” [if they have told you where they are going]
“Have a good weekend”- “You too”
“Have a good holiday.”
“Enjoy your vacation.”
“Have a nice trip”
“I didn’t notice your new shoes because you were sitting down”
“Wrap up warm, it’s cold out there!”
“Bye Jane. See you Mr Fernandez. Have a good weekend”
“Catch you later!”
“Take care”
“Have a good one”
“If anyone sees Jun before the next lesson, can you tell him what the homework is?”
“Bon voyage”

Classroom Language(16)

Rushing out
“Can I leave you to clear up? It’s just that my train is leaving in 10 minutes”
“I have to go now, but feel free to stay and chat if you like”
“I’m afraid there’s another class in here in five minutes, but we can continue talking
    outside in the corridor”
“The janitor will be around in ten minutes to lock up, so we’d better make a move/ we’d 
   better go/ we’ve got to shoot”
“I’m afraid I don’t have time to answer extra questions today (but I’ll arrive early for the next lesson
   / I’ll be in the teachers’ room this afternoon and you can ask me then)”
“We’ll all miss our bus/ train if we don’t leave soon”

Classroom Language(15)

Instructions for leaving
“Please don’t make any noise in the corridor (as the other classes have tests)
“Don’t forget your bags/ coats/ projects/ posters”
“Pick up a worksheet/ questionnaire/ note for your parents/ timetable for next term on the way out”
“Try not to make any noise as you leave/ No shouting/ No speaking in the corridor”
“Line up for the leaving drill. Today’s question is ‘Can you guess how many fingers?’”
“Get into a queue/ line up next to the door”
“Form a queue and wait for the bell.”
“Be quiet as you leave. Other classes are still working.”
“Remember how much trouble you got into last week for making noise in the corridor”
“The front door is locked at this time of night, so please use the back door”
“Does everyone know where the bus stop is?”
“Can everyone remember the way out of the building?”

Test Your English