Wednesday, 30 November 2011

Consonant combinations

LettersSoundsExamples
cc[ks]
[k]
accent, accept, access, eccentric, accident;
accommodate, account, accuse, occur, acclaim
ch
tch
[ch]chain, check, chief, choose, teacher, much, church;
kitchen, catch, match, watch, pitch, stretch
ch (Latin, Greek)
ch (French)
[k]
[sh]
character, chemical, Chris, archive, mechanic, technical, ache;
champagne, charlatan, chef, chic, machine, cache
ck[k]black, pack, deck, kick, pick, cracker, pocket, rocket
dge[j]bridge, edge, judge, knowledge, budget, badger
gh[g]
[f]
[-]
ghost, ghastly, Ghana, ghetto;
cough, enough, rough, tough, laugh;
though, through, weigh, neighbor, bought, daughter
gu[g]
[gw]
guard, guess, guest, guide, guitar, dialogue;
language, linguistics, Guatemala, Nicaragua
ng[ŋ]
[ŋ]+[g]
king, sing, singer, singing, bang, long, wrong, tongue;
finger, anger, angry, longer, longest, single
ph[f]phone, photograph, phrase, phenomenon, biography
qu[kw]
[k]
quality, question, quite, quote, equal, require;
unique, technique, antique, grotesque
sc[s]
[sk]
science, scissors, scene, scent, scythe;
scan, scandal, scare, score, Scotch, scuba
sch[sk]
[sh]
school, scholar, scheme, schedule;
schnauzer, schedule
sh[sh]share, she, shine, shoe, fish, cash, push, punish
th[θ]
[ð]
thank, thick, think, thought, thunder, author, breath, bath;
this, that, then, though, father, brother, breathe, bathe
wh[w]
[h]
what, when, where, which, while, why, whale, wheel, white;
who, whom, whose, whole
xh[ks]
[ks]+[h]
[g]+[z]
exhibition;
exhumation, exhume, exhale;
exhaust, exhibit, exhilarate, exhort, exhume, exhale
With silent lettersSoundsExamples
bt, pt[t]doubt, debt, subtle; receipt, pterodactyl
kn, gn, pn[n]knee, knife, know; gnome, sign, foreign; pneumonia, pneumatic
mb, lm[m]lamb, climb, bomb, comb, tomb; calm, palm, salmon
ps[s]psalm, pseudonym, psychologist, psychiatrist
rh[r]rhapsody, rhetoric, rheumatism, rhythm, rhyme
wr[r]wrap, wreck, wrestle, wrinkle, wrist, write, wrong
Letters in the suffixSoundsExamples
ti, ci, si, su[sh]nation, patient, special, vicious, pension, Asia, sensual, pressure
si, su[zh]vision, fusion, Asia, usual, visual, measure, pleasure

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